Sunday, 31 July 2011

How to Clean a Diamond Ring

Diamond rings lose their sheen as dirt accumulates on the stones. This Buzzle article will provide you with some tips on how to clean a diamond ring. Read on... 

Diamonds are highly valued for the looks they offer. It is said that the inner surfaces of these stones refract light and this is the reason behind their sparkling nature. However, accumulation of dirt or other substances like oil, lotion, etc., may affect the sparkle of the stone. So, wearing diamond rings while doing household chores, exposes these precious stones to various materials. With time, the stone will get accumulated with dirt, which can affect its sheen. The stone will no more be sparkling and will look dull. In such cases, you have to clean the ring, so as to bring back that sheen. Regular cleaning will be useful in maintaining the brilliance of your diamond ring. Let us take a look at how to clean a diamond ring.

Cleaning a Diamond Ring

The most important point to keep in mind about diamonds is that they have to be handled carefully. These expensive stones must be kept away from dirt, harsh chemicals and contact with coarse substances. If you wear a diamond ring daily (as in case of engagement or wedding ring), then it needs to be cleaned regularly. As the diamond is exposed to various materials used in your day to day activities, there are chances that they lose sheen due to accumulated dirt.

Cleaning a diamond ring can be done by yourself or by the jeweler. If the ring is too expensive or an antique piece, it is always better to approach the jeweler, who has modern techniques to clean these stones. If the ring has other precious stones, along with the diamond, then also, it will be better to approach the jeweler for cleaning the stones. Some of the jewelers provide their customers with a complete diamond cleaning set as well as cleaning instructions. In such cases, all you have to do is to follow the instructions on jewelry cleaning. Simple diamond rings can be cleaned at home, if you know the right methods. You have to keep in mind not to use harsh chemicals, soap bars or coarse brushes for cleaning diamonds. Knowing the particular diamond ring style may also prove helpful. Here are commonly used methods on how to clean a diamond ring at home.
  • First of all, spread a towel on a flat surface in a location that provides you with plenty of light. This can be your cleaning space. If you are cleaning the ring inside a sink, make sure that the drain is closed properly or else grip the ring tightly.
  • Take a bowl and pour a cup of lukewarm water into it. Mix ¼ cup of ammonia in the bowl and keep the ring in the solution for at least three to five minutes.
  • If the ring is very dirty, then wait for at least 15 minutes, before you take it out of the solution. Once you take the ring out, rinse it with plain lukewarm water and use a soft toothbrush to clean the stone.
  • Otherwise, use a solution of water mixed with a small amount of dish washing liquid for this purpose. You may use a kids toothbrush for cleaning diamonds at home.
  • Dry the stone and the ring with a lint free cloth, after you rinse the ring thoroughly with plain water. Use the cloth to polish the stone, so that it sparkles after cleaning.
  • You may skip the step of cleaning diamonds with ammonia. All you have to do is to prepare a solution of one part mild dish washing liquid with plain water and use it for cleaning diamonds.
  • In this case too, you have to soak the ring for at least 20 minutes, if it is too dirty. Otherwise, just swirling the ring in the solution and cleaning with a soft toothbrush will be enough. Rinse well before drying the stone.
  • Some people use baking soda for cleaning diamond rings that are slightly dirty. A paste made of baking soda and water is used for this purpose. The paste is applied over the stone, which is then cleaned with a soft brush. The ring is then rinsed with plain water and dried with a soft lint free cloth.
  • You might have heard about cleaning diamond ring with vinegar. A mixture of equal parts of white vinegar and water is used for this purpose. The ring is soaked for 10 to 15 minutes, before brushing with a soft brush. Rinse in plain water and dry the stone immediately.
  • If you are doubtful about these methods, you may resort to commercial cleaning solutions meant for diamonds. In that case, you need to follow the instructions on the package, so as to clean your diamond ring.
  • Whatever may be the method you choose for cleaning a diamond ring, you have to make sure that you dry the ring as well as the stone, as soon as possible. A lint free cloth is always preferred, as air drying may cause water spots on the stone.
  • As mentioned above, jewelers too provide the service of cleaning diamonds (usually free of cost). They usually employ methods like steam cleaning, ultrasound cleaning, etc.
  • Even sulphuric acid cleaning is one such method used by jewelers, for cleaning diamonds. This type of cleaning is required for rings that are very dirty. They may charge you for this cleaning method.
The above said was only a brief overview on how to clean a diamond ring at home. It is always better to seek the opinion of the jeweler (from whom you buy the ring) with regards to diamond cleaning methods. If he is providing you with instructions or cleaning solutions, you have to use them only. Otherwise, try the above said methods carefully. You can prevent diamond rings from getting dirty, by removing them before handling chemicals, cosmetics, oils, soil and other such materials that can make the stone dirty. Even cleaning of diamonds should be done, only when it is necessary. Frequent cleaning may also cause the sparkle of these stones to fade away.
Published: 6/21/2011
Original Source:

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Saturday, 23 July 2011

Simulated Diamond Engagement Rings

Simulated diamond engagement rings have become very popular amongst couples who want to make an affordable investment on diamond rings. Read ahead and check out the details about the companies manufacturing them.

Someone has wisely spoken, diamonds are a girl's best friend. A real diamond ring in your finger has the ability to evoke envy amongst others. But today, simulated diamonds look so much like real diamonds, that it's nearly impossible for a common man to distinguish between the two types. Simulated diamond engagement rings have flooded the market in a variety of designs and colors. The colorful piece of jewelry emanates the brilliance and sparkle just like original diamonds. So let's first find out what are simulated diamonds.

What are Simulated Diamonds?

Simulated diamonds or lab created diamonds are also known as 'manufactured' or 'cultured diamonds'. After the discovery that diamonds were composed of carbon, scientists made various attempts to synthesize diamonds in laboratories. This fetched successful results with products being created till today, simulating the brilliance of real diamonds. They are created so perfectly that their physical composition is nearly similar to that of original diamonds. Simulated diamonds posses peculiar properties, that resemble the characteristics or pure diamonds. Simulated diamond jewelry have become much popular among couples who cannot incur an immediate expense on original pieces of diamonds. Mentioned below, are the types high quality simulated diamonds manufactured today.

Best Quality Simulated Diamonds

It's important for you to know the best simulated diamonds available in the jewelry stores, so that you can make a fair investment on wedding rings and jewelry. Synthetic white sapphire or spinel was the first crystalline diamond simulants. They have a composition of pure magnesium aluminum oxide and is popularly known as radiant or diamondite. The simulated diamonds carved from glass are definitely not of good quality owing to its low refractive index and fragility. Sometimes, they have trapped air bubbles inside, increasing its fragility. However, glass simulants were very much famous amongst women during the Victorian era.

Synthetic rutile is made from pure titanium oxide and is available in bold colors, like red, blue, yellow, etc. They have a beautiful glow similar to that of original diamonds. Yttrium Aluminum Garnet (YAG) is a very popular product of simulated diamond. Although it has a low refractive index, it's one of the best types. They are successfully ruling the market since a long time due to their unique designs, colors and above all quality. Moissanite is a new entrant in the market made out of silicon carbide. Moissanite diamonds have high refractive index and has a sharp sparkle and fire. The beauty and quality of Moissanite is the best till date.

Lab Simulated Diamond Engagement Rings

The simulated diamond wedding rings ruling the market are manufactured by companies like Cubic Zirconia and Gemesis. The engagement rings are available in multiple colors. The beautiful designs have colors of pink, green, red, blue and yellow. Pale shades like ivory, peach, white and mauve look chaste. The rings are embellished with gold and silver. Companies like 'Diamond Essence', 'Elegante Garnet' and 'Absolute' are giving a tough competition to Cubic Zirconia. 'Diamond Essence' has beautiful collections of simulated diamond jewelry that range from rings, pendents and bangles. Their simulated diamond engagement rings are studded with colorful diamonds, with metallic finishes. 'Gemesis' diamonds are produced meticulously under lab controlled environment having a perfect composition that add to its charismatic appeal.

'Russian Brilliants' is one of the best company that manufactures simulated diamonds. One of the oldest varieties of simulated diamonds are the Russian simulated diamonds. They have a spectacular shine and sparkle. After knowing about so many brand names, you must be confused? Worth to mention, if you are want a fair investment just opt for Cubic Zirconia or Moissanite. Check their exclusive collections and make a choice.

Simulated diamond engagement rings are perfect gifts to present your sweetheart on the W-day. Get an elegant piece and adorn her with love. After all, it's your love attached with the gift that makes it special. 
Published: 8/11/2010
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Sunday, 3 July 2011

Russian Alexandrite - Buying tips


Summary: In natural sunlight or fluorescent light alexandrite appears green. Green colour is attractive and natural, even no trace of brown and gray should exist. On the other hand in indoor bulb light or incandescent light it changes from green to red automatically and naturally.

Russian Alexandrite is a rare stone discovered on the birth of Alexander II in the year 1830 in Russia. Thus, it is named so in his honor (he became Czar of Russia in 1855) . It is among the very few semi-precious gemstones having the unique property of miraculous colour change. The beauty of the stone is further enhanced if set in a finger ring. Alexandrite rings are very attractive. It appreciates the looks and personality of the wearer. If you planning to buy this beautiful gemstone then this article is for you!! Look for the quality and value of alexandrite suitable for the ring on the basis for 4Cs viz. colour, cut, clarity and carat weight.

Alexandrite Colour
- Colour is the most important quality aspect of alexandrite. It's colour change capability distinguishes it from the rest of the stones. It shows two variations in colour under the different light source viz. natural light and artificial light.

Alexandrite stones from Khazargems
While buying this gemstone look for it's surprising colour change phenomena. In natural sunlight or fluorescent light alexandrite appears green. Green colour is attractive and natural, even no trace of brown and gray should exist. On the other hand in indoor bulb light or incandescent light it changes from green to red automatically and naturally. Red colour is also bright and attractive. This bright colour change implies that the particular stone is pure alexandrite from Russian mines.

It is also possible that few alexandrite gems show bluish green shade in sunlight while purplish red or dark purple colour in incandescent light. Such stones are pure too. They are from the mines located in other parts of the world like Brazil, Burma, Tasmania, India etc. Only point to take care is that these stones would cost less than that of pure Russian alexandrite.

Alexandrite exhibits colour change as it contains iron, titanium and chrome. These minerals are responsible for this change. And this phenomena is dependent on the strength of the light source. Stronger the light more bright shall be the colour. When it is placed in the ring, the colour change is more clear and precise than in any other jewelry item.

Alexandrite Video - A Phenomenal Gemstone

Alexandrite Cut
- Alexandrite being 8.5 Mohs on hardness scale, is quite easy and uncomplicated to cut. Rings having wide variety of shapes and styles are available in the market all over the world. Cuts like oval, pear, cushion are quite common for the rings. Rings having heart and emerald cut alexandrite are equally popular. However, large round cut should be avoided as it results in high weight loss of the gemstone.

Alexandrite Clarity
- Third most important C is clarity of the gem. Alexandrite possesses few tiny inclusions that reflect back the light. Negative crystals are common inclusions found in all the varieties.

Carat Weight
- Last but the most crucial factor is carat weight. The value of the gem in terms of money is largely dependent on this factor. One carat is equal to 0.20 grams. Gems less than 0.75 carat are quite common and sold everywhere. More than 2 carat weight is rare and fetches a huge price.

The carat weight of alexandrite stone in rings start from 0.25 carat to 0.55 carats. However, few rings can also have stones of larger weight i.e. 0.80 carat to 1.80 carat. Larger weight stones are set along with other precious and semi-precious stones. Combination of alexandrite with diamonds is quite common.

Apart from these important 4Cs factors, there are few other points as well to be taken care of while making the purchase of ring holding alexandrite stone. It might further help you in buying the right ring with the true stone.

Alexandrite Stone Size
- When selecting the ring with stone, look for proper balance. The width of the ring and the stone size must complement each other. In other words, there should be the balance between the two. Large stone size mounted on the thin ring will not give the desired attractive look as it lacks the balance. Similarly, thick ring having small stone less than 0.40 carat would not be in proportion to each other. Hence, is not suitable.

Alexandrite Stone setting
- Gemstone rings are made up of either 14K or 18K yellow gold. Alexandrite also goes well with white gold. Thus, instead of yellow gold 18K white gold can also be used for making alexandrite rings.

While selecting the ring, always look at the back of the ring i.e. inner part of the ring. It too should have a finished look, beveled correctly and polished as that in the front. The stone should be attractive from back/below as well. It should exhibit the similar colour change in different light source.

At the back of the ring, the metal should be cut in square or oval pattern allowing light and air to pass through. If alexandrite is set with diamonds or other stones then it should be set closely together. The setting should be in such a way that all the gems are secured and there is no probability of gems getting dropped out of the ring. The prongs must be evenly balanced around the ring.

Alexandrite Imitations
- Finally, be aware of the imitations. Alexandrite do has synthetic forms available in the market. These imitations contain few elements that show the colour change in respective light source. The colour exhibited in sunlight will have more shades of blue than green while in incandescent light it would show traces of violet along with red colour. Therefore, it can be identified as an imitation and should be very cheap in comparison to true alexandrite.

True and pure alexandrite is procured from the Ural Mountains of Russia. These are rarely found and show bright green and red colours only. Other genuine alexandrite are found in Hematita mines of Brazil, island of Sri Lanka , Burma and Tunduru. These stones would be bluish green in daylight and red purple or dark purple in incandescent light. Andhra Pradesh region in India and few parts of Tasmania and Zimbabwe also yield good quality of true alexandrite.

Price - Alexandrite is the highly priced gemstone in the world. As mentioned earlier, the price would be dependent on carat weight and the intensity of the colour change. Stone with few inclusions, intense colour change and more than one carat weight would be the most expensive. Further, if it happens to be a pure Russian alexandrite then the price would touch the sky.

If alexandrite from Brazil, Sri Lanka, India , Zimbabwe and other places exhibits strong colour change then it would be expensive too but less than the pure Russian stone. But, in case the colour change shows any trace of brown then it shall lower the price of the stone.

Precaution & Care 

It is always recommended not to remake the jewelry having stones again and again. Once made should be treasured for the lifetime. But, in case it has to be changed then be extra conscious while getting alexandrite remounted. Jeweler's torch emits heat that deteriorates the colour change capability of the gemstone.

Avoid wearing alexandrite rings while working with chemicals and other harsh solutions. Also it must be protected from sharp blows, scratches and rapid temperature changes else these might affect the colour change of the stone.

Russians believed alexandrite brings good omen. Hopefully, it can do it even today. So Happy Wearing !!!!
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Guide to Buying Platinum

By: Madhubanti Rudra

It is gorgeous; it is exotic!
It is the hardest; it is the most expensive!
It is platinum---a precious metal that has been captivating the imagination of contemporary jewelry designers in a big way!
Designers' favorite element for fashioning wedding bands and engagement rings, Platinum has great aesthetic as well practical value. Below are few platinum facts that a first time buyer will find extremely helpful.
Diamonds are forever, gold is conventional, sterling silver is chic, but jewelry wardrobes are incomplete without the special zest of silver-white platinum. Currently the fastest growing jewelry material, Platinum is ideal for making rings, bracelets and necklaces. Its natural whit luster makes it the perfect companion for dazzling diamonds. It happens to be the most expensive of all precious metals and widely employed by the designers as base metal for light colored gems, especially the pink and light blue varieties. But it is equally brilliant without any enhancement; a polished platinum piece is elegant and eye catching in its own right. 

Why go for platinum?

The heavy and enduring metal, Platinum is used by world's renowned jewelry designers for creating inspired jewelry pieces. Here are a few reasons why you should consider an investment in this highly expensive metal.
Platinum's chemical properties make it a dense, extremely heavy and remarkably enduring metal. Al these qualities make a platinum jewelry an aesthetically pleasing and monetarily valuable possession. 

On the practical side, Platinum jewelry pieces are subject to minimum wear and tear effects. Common household chemicals like chlorine, bleach, or detergents fail to tarnish its color or damage it in any other ways. Due to all these reasons, platinum is considered much more stable element than gold and silver.
With an unquestionable longevity, platinum jewelry retains its cosmetic value for generations.
Platinum looks brilliant when teamed up with diamonds or other colored gemstones. This remarkably strong metal is particularly good at holding gemstones firmly in place. As prongs and other setting components, Platinum is the best metal to work with.
Then, platinum is considered the best metal to make diamond jewelry. While teamed up with yellow gold, the metal leaves a yellow tint on the colorless diamond and this can bring down the value of the piece. But platinum's silver-white luster rightly complements the brilliance of diamond and as a result, platinum-diamond combination makes the hottest pair in jewelry designing circuit. So it comes as no surprise when world's top jewelry houses like Cartier, Faberge and Tiffany choose platinum as base metal for creating their striking diamond jewelry pieces.
Although a tough metal, it is alloyed with some tougher metal to prevent it from bending. But as compared to traditional gold and silver jewelry pieces, platinum pieces have very little alloy in them--- usually not exceeding 10%. As a result, platinum is largely hypoallergenic.
The chemical properties that bring out the magic in platinum

Platinum belongs to Platinum Group of Metals, or PGM.
PGM again consists of six related metals including Platinum, Iridium, Palladium, Ruthenium, Rhodium and Osmium. Now all these metals belonging to PGM family have very high melting point. This is because at the time of melting, the PGM metals require oxygen to be mixed with the fuel.
A unique feature of PGM metals is: they do not require flux when soldering and also resist tarnishing. It is possible to cast these metals, but that requires extra investment due to their high melting point.
To date Russia is the biggest supplier of platinum. The lion's share of the produce goes into making jewelry; the rest is used in medical industry and the automotive industry.
Understanding platinum content and marking
When it comes to buy metal jewelry, you have to consider the purity of the metal. To know how pure your platinum is, you must have a basic idea about its content and markings. This is important because it helps you choose the right combination that is most suitable for the platinum jewelry you are purchasing.
Metals in their raw forms are not suitable for making jewelry---in order to make them stronger, other alloys are added to them. How pure a metal is depends on the amount of alloys mixed with it.
US Federal Government has stipulated specific standards for different types of metals.
Let's take the instance of gold. So far as gold is concerned, you can refer to the following standard to judge its purity.24kt: 100% gold
18kt: 75% gold
14kt: 58% gold
12kt: 50% gold

So far as platinum jewelry pieces are concerned, they can contain different percentages of pure platinum. The ratio of pure platinum and alloys is expressed in "parts per thousand". According to the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) determined marking standards, if a jewelry piece is said to contain 950 parts per thousand of pure platinum, it will be regarded as "pure platinum jewelry".
A couple of example will help you understand the platinum marking more clearly.
The jewelry is made of "950 Pt" platinum means: it uses a metal that has 95% pure platinum in the mix and 5% other metals.
The jewelry is "650 Pt. 350 Ir" means: it has 650 parts pure platinum and 350 parts iridium. Similarly a marking such as "550Pt. 350Pd. 50Ir" means the jewelry has 550 parts pure platinum. The rest of the mix contains 350 parts palladium and 50 parts iridium.

According to the long standing FTP guidelines, jewelry pieces must contain at least 85% pure platinum or 850 parts per thousand to be considered pure platinum jewelry.
But designers have been demanding a correction in the current FTP standards so that jewelry pieces containing less than 85% platinum are also regarded as "pure platinum" jewelry. If lower percentage is accepted by the US Federal Government, it will open up greater opportunities for the small jewelers, who are often kept out of the market due to platinum's prohibitive price.

When it comes to create stand-alone pieces, jewelry designers would invariably pick platinum. Platinum is far more expensive than pure gold and it has higher and faster appreciation than gold. It is the metal's rarity that add to its exorbitant price---it is 30 times rarer than gold. Platinum jewelry pieces are most popular as engagement rings and wedding bands. It is great to send or receive platinum jewelry gift---after all platinum is something that few can possess.

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Alexandrite step cut cushion, 26.75 cts
The alexandrite variety displays a color change (alexandrite effect) dependent upon the nature of ambient lighting. This color shift is independent of any change of hue with viewing direction through the crystal that would arise from pleochroism. Both these different properties are frequently referred to as "color change", however. Alexandrite results from small scale replacement of aluminium by chromium ions in the crystal structure, which causes intense absorption of light over a narrow range of wavelengths in the yellow region of the spectrum.[citation needed] Alexandrite from the Ural Mountains in Russia is green by daylight and red by incandescent light. Other varieties of alexandrite may be yellowish or pink in daylight and a columbine or raspberry red by incandescent light.

According to a popular but controversial story, alexandrite was discovered by the Finnish mineralogist Nils Gustaf Nordenskiƶld, (1792–1866) and named alexandrite in honor of the future Tsar Alexander II of Russia. Nordenskiƶld's initial discovery occurred as a result of an examination of a newly found mineral sample he had received from Perovskii, which he identified as emerald at first. The first emerald mine had been opened in 1831.[6]
Alexandrite up to 5 carats (1,000 mg) and larger were traditionally thought to be found only in the Ural Mountains. Other deposits are located in India (Andhra Pradesh), Madagascar, and Sri Lanka. Alexandrite in sizes over 3 carats are very rare.
Some gemstones described as lab-grown (synthetic) alexandrite are actually corundum laced with trace elements (e.g., vanadium) or color-change spinel and are not actually chrysoberyl. As a result, they would be more accurately described as simulated alexandrite rather than synthetic but are often called Czochralski alexandrite after the process that grows the crystals

source: Wikipedia
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Will you marry me - Engagement Ring Design Trends

By: Himja Parekh

Matrimony means new beginnings. A new life, a new family, new commitments, and a new best friend- the engagement ring!

The engagement ring today has traveled a long way and is a far cry from the simple iron band introduced by the Romans in the 4th century. An engagement ring usually conjures the image of a single stone at the centre, usually a sparkling diamond set on a simple band. Did you know the first ever diamond engagement ring (Diamonds were considered to have magical powers requiting love, purity and fidelity) was given by Archduke Maximillian of Austria to Mary of Burgundy in 1477?

Let's take a walk down the memory lane. The first ever engagement ring may have been made from leather, plants, or other degradable material that suggested the union between the couple as well as their land. Romans used iron rings to symbolize a strong and eternal love, whilst the Greeks and Egyptians are credited with wearing the ring on the fourth finger of the left hand, where vein of love (vena amoris) connects to the heart.

in the 9th century, Pope Nicolas I endorsed the idea of engagement rings by making gold ring mandatory to suggest the groom's wealth and capability. Later, in 1215, Pope Innocent III widened the metal options to include silver and iron. The gimmal or bond ring originated during the Elizabethan period. It is a set of three interlocking rings to be worn by the groom to be, his betrothed and a witness, which were united on the wedding day. Gradually metal rings became more ornate with gemstones but diamonds remained too rare and exclusive to be available and affordable to all but the super wealthy and Royalty.
In the 18th century diamonds were discovered in Brazil leading to cluster engagement rings among the wealthy. In the late 19th century diamonds were discovered abundantly in Africa and things were never the same again. Marilyn Monroe and Hollywood immortalized the diamond engagement ring in the song- 'Diamonds are a girl's best friend' and DeBeers with their slogan- 'A diamond is forever' ensured that when you think of an engagement ring, you think of a diamond!
Engagement rings today don't conform to the norms anymore. From dyed-in-the-wool traditionalism to contemporary minimalism, the choices are vast and self expression and individual styles suggest many trends that exist today and will continue tomorrow. Let's examine a few of them.

Glamorous influences- The round brilliant cut remains the most popular shape but Hollywood and the fashion industry have made fancy shapes such as emerald, marquise, princess, heart and Asscher popular. Celebrity fancy-shaped engagement ring wearers include Ellen Pompeo (emerald), Katherine Heigl (pear), Eva Longoria Parker (emerald) and Victoria Beckham (marquise). Antique or vintage or vintage-inspired rings are popular with the glam set and are perfect for romantic and dreamy expressions. Stones that reflect an antique aesthetic include the cushion, round, pillow and Asscher cuts though these classic shapes and their larger facets radiate more fire under less light. Crafted in cool tones of platinum, palladium and white gold these rings go down well with the hopelessly romantic and find takers in Kate Walsh, Christina Aguilera and Jennifer Love Hewitt.
Colored diamonds are very expensive and rare and complement those who like to make a statement. Pink diamonds and red diamonds are the most expensive followed by canary yellow diamonds. A three diamond ring with a center yellow diamond and white diamond side stones has a special look some brides favor. Heidi Klum, Rebecca Romijn and Brooke Mueller sport yellow diamond rings. 

Metal Play

With new metals such as palladium, tungsten, steel and titanium joining the existing palette of white gold, yellow gold, rose gold and platinum, the color play has widened. Texturing is popular with options of personal engraving, filigree, micro pave and mil grain on the shank as well as fancy prongs. Stacked, twisted and swirl Rings in a variety of colored metals, or alternatively different stones in each band provide interesting variations.

Color Play

Coloured diamonds are popular but unaffordable for most. Many brides favor a tourmaline and yellow sapphire to substitute the pink and yellow diamond respectively. The more adventurous ones may opt for stones that may be their birth stone.

Kiss From a Rose

Rose cut diamonds were popular in the 16th to 18th century, influenced by the return of vintage and estate jewelry are now popular once again. Crafted in heirloom styles with intricate metal work, they promise the glamour of yore. The subtle sparkle of the cut is a marked contrast to the contemporary cuts which offer dazzling fire and brilliance.



An evolution of the Tiffany setting, options like delicate bows or fancy shaped stones mounted to highlight the centre stone are popular. This may also include diamonds surrounding the stones on sides to create more fire or give an illusion of a larger centre stone. Tension set diamonds or floating diamonds where the diamond appears magically suspended in the setting work as well. 

image courtesy: Rumour Jewellery

Another contemporary trend is scatter set diamonds. Scatter settings are minimalist contemporary engagement ring designs that feature multiple stones in unconnected arrangements where the stones are literally scattered across the band instead of having one focal point. Scatter set options are flush, bezel, half bezel and invisible. Lastly another practical setting for the working woman like the scatter setting is channel setting where the gemstones or diamonds are arranged in a linear pattern and set into the band of the ring. Engagement channel settings are becoming increasingly popular with gemstones as it prevents chipping or damage.

Three stone rings and eternity bands- These styles refer to popular anniversary rings that have morphed into popular engagement rings. The three stone ring symbolized a couple's past, present and future. Options include side stones with similar or lesser cartage than the centre stone, contrasting shapes such as princess cuts flanking a pear cut etc. as well as gemstones with a diamond centre stone.

Diamonds in channel and bezel settings in white gold travel around the ring signifying a love that has no beginning and no end. Aptly called the eternity ring, this one is perfect for those why don't shy away from forgoing the solitaire.

To the men, if you intend to go down on your knees and ask the question, do some research and keep her personality in mind before you buy your engagement ring. 

READ MORE - Will you marry me - Engagement Ring Design Trends

How to buy a diamond engagement ring she will fall in love


Summary: Since you intend to surprise her (although she may have been expecting it) you have to be discreet in searching her heart for that special ring of her desire. You can get a lot of advice and help, but the best way is to use your own heart along with the following guidelines! There are three fundamental aspects to take into consideration when selecting a ring with diamonds: the stone, the metal for the band, and the design and setting.

The custom of giving or exchanging engagement rings varies from place to place and from person to person. Some girls even go along with their boyfriends to select the ring. But romantic women have a tendency to fall in love with gifts from their lovers, so the ideal option is for you to present the ring to your girlfriend when you proposes to her. It should be the most precious and unforgettable moment of her life - the moment when you are promising to love her and take care of her eternally. The timing must be perfect; the place must be perfect; the ambience must be perfect; and the ring must be truly exceptional! It should be everything she has ever wanted in an engagement ring - all her dreams come true. It should melt her heart because, once she accepts it, you will both start planning for your wedding, your honeymoon, your family and your future. Since the ring symbolizes everything you feel for her, make sure she loves the ring as much as you want her to love you. Stones like aquamarine, sapphires, emeralds, topaz, tourmaline, etc. are becoming trendy choices for engagement rings. But, unless you're sure your girlfriend doesn't like diamonds, go for diamonds - women just love that white fire! 
The Perfect Diamond Engagement Ring
So how do you go about finding this perfect diamond engagement rings ? First of all you should become familiar with your special woman's taste in jewelry. Since you intend to surprise her (although she may have been expecting it) you have to be discreet in searching her heart for that special ring of her desire. You can get a lot of advice and help, but the best way is to use your own heart - along with the following guidelines! There are three fundamental aspects to take into consideration when selecting a diamond ring: the stone, the metal for the band, and the design and setting.

Choosing The Right Stone
The stone is the first thing your girlfriend will be attracted to, so it better be something truly special and impressive. Sparkle is far more important than size. You don't have to spend more than you can afford but don't be cheap! Once you give her the ring, your fiance will be waving her hands all over the place - especially before her family and friends. She wants to show off the ring, to let them see the size and sparkle and hear their "oohs" and "aahs". She wants to hear them ask, "From where did he buy it?" and "How much did it cost?" So don't buy a ring that she will be ashamed to display in public. You don't have to waste your money and make her think you are a spendthrift. Just get her an affordable dazzler from a reputed jewelry store. Use your heart and your head in deciding on the cost. And don't forget to bargain for a reduction in price.
It is not too difficult to figure out how diamonds are weighed and priced. Diamonds are weighed (or measured) in carats, grains and points. 4 grains make a carat and 25 points make a grain - i.e. 1 carat = 4 grains = 100 points. The cost per carat is calculated something like this: if a 0.5-carat diamond costs $X, a 1-carat diamond will cost about $3.5X, and a 1.5-carat diamond will cost around $6X. While flaws reduce light reflection and sparkle in the diamond, clarity increases both. Look for a stone that really flashes white fire. The cut determines the brilliance in a diamond, and sparkle is what diamonds are about. A well-cut diamond will produce a dazzling effect. The best diamonds have no color - just a brilliant white light blazing out. You can even go for a colored diamond, but they can be fairly expensive. Though white is the traditional choice, you should also take your girlfriend's taste (and your financial status!) into consideration.

Choosing The Right Metal
Most women prefer platinum, gold or white gold for the band. The choice generally narrows down to 18k or 14k yellow, white or rose gold. Make a careful study of your girlfriend's jewelry and you will know what she likes. If you can afford it (and she likes it) go for platinum. That's something she'll really love.
Choosing The Right Setting And Design
The setting and design should be exquisite as well as sensible. Women may be more romantic than men, but they are generally more practical as well. You must know what suits your girlfriends taste and lifestyle best. There are four points to be taken into consideration in selecting the design: it should be uncomplicated and practical, it will be worn daily and must be suitable for rough use, it should hold the stone (or stones) firmly and securely, and finally it should look really grand and make her feel really great!

The Proposal
Now that you have selected the ideal stone, her favorite metal, a fascinating design and the perfect setting for the diamond, you have to propose to the woman of your dreams and offer her this beautiful token of your love for her. It should be an absolutely priceless and eternal moment, an emotionally charged event that fills her with unimaginable joy and a love that she has never experienced before. Take every care to ensure that all the arrangements and the environment are ideally suited to her special tastes. And don't forget to kiss her when she accepts the ring and you!

A Happy Ending
So now you have it all. If you follow the above advice, every time your woman sees the stone on her finger she will remember the moment you proposed to her and the wonderful emotions she experienced. It is better to get a smaller stone with good clarity, cut and color than a larger stone with no glitter. Spend your money wisely. Get advice and help from her girlfriends and also from married friends - but make sure they keep it a secret. Buy her that diamond engagement ring she will love forever and her heart will be yours forever.

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READ MORE - How to buy a diamond engagement ring she will fall in love

Diamonds Facts and Buying Guide

By:Sheweta Dhanuka

Summary: Diamond, the name is derived from a Greek word adamas, meaning unconquerable. It is considered as the 'King of Gems'. This is the reason why it is close to the heart of all the queens that is each and every woman on the universe. It symbolizes forever love and commitment among the partners. It is the stone for engagement and 75th wedding anniversary.

To make the purchase of a genuine Diamond it is essential to understand all the 4C's thoroughly as the 4C's viz. colour, cut, clarity and carat weight determines the quality of the stone. The grading system is also based on these four characteristics. Buyers need to know these facts. Thus, this article offers all the necessary information about this gorgeous stone and also acts as a buying guide. Apart from the four crucial Cs, it provides information on other characteristics as well like certificate, use, origin, precautions etc.

Colour - It is the only stone that occurs in almost all colours but the highly priced and preferred diamond is colorless. Colorless stone inhibits brilliance and sparkles maximum. In this stone, light passes through one side to other easily and the reflection of light occurs to the fullest. Apart from the colorless gems, other chosen colours are blue and yellow. Few more fancy colours are brown, orange, pink and green. According to the Gemological Institute of America's colour scale, colorless diamonds are priced highest while fancy colours are valued least. However, many people treasure bright and intense colored stones too.

Cut - This C is the most significant characteristic as worth and value of the stone is largely depended on it. The over all appearance and look gets enhanced with the efficient cut. Cut specifies the reflective qualities. In a well-cut diamond, light enters inside the stone from one facet and after covering all the sides, reflects back from the same facet to the eyes of the observer. This results in brilliant sparkle of light visible by the naked eyes of the spectator. When the stone is cut poorly then the light enters from one facet but instead of reflecting back it passes or leaks through the sides or the bottom of the stone.
The stone is graded on the basis of the classification of five types of cut. These are Ideal, Premium, Very Good, Good and Fair & Poor cut. In ideal and premium cuts, light is reflected brilliantly creating the sparkle in the stone. Ideal cut is valued most while fair & poor cut is least. The reflection of light and monetary value reduces in the same order.

Clarity - The formation process of this stunning stone is quite complicated thus, presence of inclusions in the stone is obvious. The clarity is determined on the basis of amount, size and visibility of the flaws. Flaws are of two type's viz. inclusions and blemish. Inclusions are present inside the stone like air bubbles, cracks, fractures or traces of other minerals. While blemish appear on the surface of the stone such as scratches, pits and chips. Almost all the stone consists of flaws that can be viewed with either by naked eyes or magnifying loupe. No stone would ever seize similar flaws. For instance in few stones flaws would be clearly visible while in few it would be almost negligible. With the increase in the number, size and visibility of the flaws the cost decreases. However, absolutely clean and clear stone are also found but are very rare in nature.

Carat weight - Stones with small carat weight are found more easily than with higher carat weight. Larger stones occur seldom in the natural state therefore for such stone, per carat weight the price is more than that for the smaller size stones. One carat weight is equal to 0.2 grams. Stones in all sizes and weights are available in the market. Anything could be selected in accordance with the size and depth of the pocket.

Certificates - Diamonds are the stones most in demand and highly expensive. There are many dealers all over the world who sell imitations and semi precious stones at the price to true diamonds. Thus, in order to avoid all the doubts about the originality, certificates are given along with the purchase of the stone as the proof of quality and value. These certificates are also called as 'Grading Reports' that offer complete evaluation and details covering all the factors except for the price in terms of money of the stone.
The recognized diamond grading labs in world are Gemological Institute of America (GIA) and the American Gem Society (AGS). There are many laboratories issuing certificates across the world. Every lab maintains different standards. When buyers opt to buy non-recognized labs certified diamonds then it is better to ask for the credentials of the certifying labs. With the help of the certificates the buyers are enable to make a better choice among all the available options without any risk of the quality. When diamonds are purchased in loose that is without mounted in jewelry items then in such a situation, buyers should ensure to take the certificate.

Price - All the 4 C's are together taken into consideration for determining the price of this exquisite gem. Colour, cut, clarity and carat weight carry equal weight age in deciding the price. Change in one characteristic can jeopardize the price of the stone completely. Colorless stones are valued most. Cut offering maximum reflection of light and sparkle is highly priced. Stone with minimum flaws is worth more. And finally with the increase in carat weight the price also increases. Rare occurrence of stone is responsible for the soaring prices. Thus, price of rare colorless diamond with no or negligible flaws possessing brilliant cut and high carat weight would touch the sky that is would fetch maximum price.

Shapes - Diamond cuts are different from the shapes. Cut implies reflective qualities in respect to sides and facets of the stone while shape is the outer appearance. This magnificent stone is a very tough stone thus can be given varied designs and styles. The ideal shape for this gemstone is round. This shape offers maximum brilliance and sparkle. Therefore, major part of the gems trade segment select round shape for jewelry items. Rings with oval shape diamond are suitable for the females having smaller and broad fingers as oval shape offers elongated look. In the same way pear shape is appropriate for average length fingers. And this shape makes striking pendants and earrings too. Some other commonly seen shapes are marquise, princess cut, heart, square, emerald etc. Few unusual styles are flower, kite, trilliant, triangle, cushion cut and many more.

Occurrence - This dazzling beauty is formed very deep inside the earth crust under high heat and pressure and comes to the surface via Volcanoes. Crystallization occurs only when precise minerals combines together in the required set conditions. It is found in transparent crystal form of pure carbon. Its unique physical and chemical properties make it a very special stone. It is the hardest gemstone and good conductor of heat. It exhibits highest refractive index, dispersion and fluorescence.

Source - India and Brazil were the first two countries to produce this amazing stone. Today, one of major supplier is South Africa. Few other countries are United States of America, Nigeria, Nairobi, Russia and Australia. The prime source of this glittering stone is Kimberlite, which is volcanic rock.

Enhancement - Natural colorless stones are not enhanced as the Mother Nature presents it in perfect form. However, the fancy colored stones are irradiated or heat-treated to enhance the colour.

Imitations -Today, many of the stones are synthetically produced in laboratories. It is more costly to produce this stone artificially than mining. But, due to growing demand and less supply many people in many countries are into the business of producing artificial stones. Semi precious stones and other stimulants like man-made glass are also sold in the market as the genuine diamonds. Therefore, buyers need be extra cautious when buying this captivating beauty as these imitations is sold at the price of true stone. The innocent buyers are deceived using the fancy trade names.

Uses - It is used in varied ways. Being a tough material, diamond tools are used to shape the lenses precisely and accurately for the eyeglasses. Similar tools are used in windows industry, space probes and manufacturing of computers and televisions.

This attractive stone make exquisite jewelry pieces that are treasured most by the females. Jewelries can be made of sterling silver, platinum, 14K or 18K white and yellow gold. Silver is used little less as it is not compatible with the worth of the stone. Hand crafted jewelry is also gaining popularity day by day. It is an important part of men's rings and pendants.

Diamonds used for female jewelry items viz. rings, pendants, earrings or necklaces can be of any carat weight. As such there is no ideal weight. Higher the weight of the pocket of the buyer so can be the carat weight of the stone. This wonderful stone is very well paired with other precious and semi precious stones. While pairing, being more expensive it is generally in used in smaller sizes but more in number than the other stone in the design. The modern jewelry designers create all the ornaments in breath taking designs. Any type of setting can be used like prong or bezel. Buyers, while making the purchase of any item must ensure that settings are done well as there is high probability of loosing this precious stone.

Precautions - It is the hardest stone among all the gemstones found in nature. It rates 10 Mohs on the hardness scale. It is ideal for the daily wear jewelry. Only general gemstone precautions and care are required to be practiced for the everlasting retention of the stone.

Beliefs - In ancient times, it was believed to possess the power to protect against the evil and incurable diseases. Today, astrologers associate it with courage, good fortune and victory. It also promotes faithfulness and loyalty in a marriage. Moreover, people wear this striking stone as a status symbol and to gain special recognition in affluent society.

Men and women across the globe desire to wear this glorious stone in spite of it being an expensive and beyond the affordable range. This incredible stone even conveys intimate feelings to your partner in best possible way. Apart from the emotional feelings one strong reason to buy this stone is - buying diamond is an investment, as the worth and eminence remain same forever. Thus, everyone should acquire this asset once in his or her lifetime. So get started!!

Diamonds  Properties 
Chemical Composition
Chemical name is Carbon and chemical formula is Cn.
Colorless. Other fancy colours are blue, yellow, brown, orange, pink and green.
10 Mohs
Refractive Index
Specific Gravity
Bright and vitreous.
Solid State
Crystal System
Cubic crystal system
Colorless diamonds are not enhanced. Fancy colored stones are enhanced to improve the colour.
Synthetic Stones
Widely available.
India, Brazil, South Africa, Narobi, Nigeria, Australia, Russia.
Only general gemstone precautions are required. 
READ MORE - Diamonds Facts and Buying Guide